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# Student Workbook for Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics 4th Edition

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## Book Preface

Detailed Contents

Part I Newton’s Laws
OVERVIEW Why Things Change 1
Chapter 1 Concepts of Motion 2
1.1 Motion Diagrams 3
1.2 Models and Modeling 4
1.3 Position, Time, and Displacement 5
1.4 Velocity 9
1.5 Linear Acceleration 11
1.6 Motion in One Dimension 15
1.7 Solving Problems in Physics 18
1.8 Unit and Significant Figures 22
SUMMARY 27
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 28
Chapter 2 Kinematics in One Dimension 32
2.1 Uniform Motion 33
2.2 Instantaneous Velocity 37
2.3 Finding Position from Velocity 40
2.4 Motion with Constant Acceleration 43
2.5 Free Fall 49
2.6 Motion on an Inclined Plane 51
Acceleration 54
SUMMARY 57
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 58
Chapter 3 Vectors and Coordinate Systems 65
3.1 Scalars and Vectors 66
3.2 Using Vectors 66
3.3 Coordinate Systems and Vector
Components 69
3.4 Unit Vectors and Vector Algebra 72
SUMMARY 76
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 77
Chapter 4 Kinematics in Two Dimensions 80
4.1 Motion in Two Dimensions 81
4.2 Projectile Motion 85
4.3 Relative Motion 90
4.4 Uniform Circular Motion 92
4.5 Centripetal Acceleration 96
4.6 Nonuniform Circular Motion 98
SUMMARY 103
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 104
Chapter 5 Force and Motion 110
5.1 Force 111
5.2 A Short Catalog of Forces 113
5.3 Identifying Forces 115
5.4 What Do Forces Do? 117
5.5 Newton’s Second Law 120
5.6 Newton’s First Law 121
5.7 Free-Body Diagrams 123
SUMMARY 126
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 127
Chapter 6 Dynamics I: Motion Along a
Line 131
6.1 The Equilibrium Model 132
6.2 Using Newton’s Second Law 134
6.3 Mass, Weight, and Gravity 137
6.4 Friction 141
6.5 Drag 145
6.6 More Examples of Newton’s Second
Law 148
SUMMARY 152
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 153
Chapter 7 Newton’s Third Law 159
7.1 Interacting Objects 160
7.2 Analyzing Interacting Objects 161
7.3 Newton’s Third Law 164
7.4 Ropes and Pulleys 169
7.5 Examples of Interacting-Object
Problems 172
SUMMARY 175
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 176

Chapter 13 Newton’s Theory of Gravity 336
13.1 A Little History 337
13.2 Isaac Newton 338
13.3 Newton’s Law of Gravity 339
13.4 Little g and Big G 341
13.5 Gravitational Potential Energy 343
13.6 Satellite Orbits and Energies 347
SUMMARY 352
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 353
Chapter 14 Fluids and Elasticity 357
14.1 Fluids 358
14.2 Pressure 359
14.3 Measuring and Using Pressure 365
14.4 Buoyancy 369
14.5 Fluid Dynamics 373
14.6 Elasticity 378
SUMMARY 382
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 383
Part III Applications of Newtonian
Mechanics 388
Part IV Oscillations and Waves
OVERVIEW The Wave Model 389
KNOWLEDGE
STRUCTURE
Chapter 15 Oscillations 390
15.1 Simple Harmonic Motion 391
15.2 SHM and Circular Motion 394
15.3 Energy in SHM 397
15.4 The Dynamics of SHM 399
15.5 Vertical Oscillations 402
15.6 The Pendulum 404
15.7 Damped Oscillations 408
15.8 Driven Oscillations and Resonance 411
SUMMARY 413
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 415

Chapter 16 Traveling Waves 420
16.1 The Wave Model 421
16.2 One-Dimensional Waves 423
16.3 Sinusoidal Waves 426
16.4 ADVANCED TOPIC The Wave Equation
on a String 430
16.5 Sound and Light 434
16.6 ADVANCED TOPIC The Wave Equation
in a Fluid 438
16.7 Waves in Two and Three
Dimensions 441
16.8 Power, Intensity, and Decibels 443
16.9 The Doppler Effect 445
SUMMARY 449
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 450
Chapter 17 Superposition 455
17.1 The Principle of Superposition 456
17.2 Standing Waves 457
17.3 Standing Waves on a String 459
17.4 Standing Sound Waves and Musical
Acoustics 463
17.5 Interference in One Dimension 467
17.6 The Mathematics of Interference 471
17.7 Interference in Two and Three
Dimensions 474
17.8 Beats 477
SUMMARY 481
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 482
Part IV Oscillations and Waves 488
Part V Thermodynamics
OVERVIEW It’s All About Energy 489
Chapter 18 A Macroscopic Description of
Matter 490
18.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases 491
18.2 Atoms and Moles 492
18.3 Temperature 494
18.4 Thermal Expansion 496
18.5 Phase Changes 497
18.6 Ideal Gases 499
18.7 Ideal-Gas Processes 503
SUMMARY 509
QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS 510