Organic Chemistry (9th Edition) + Solutions
New to This Edition
1 NEW! Expanded coverage of Acid/Base Chemistry in chapter 2 and separation of the chapter on Substitution and Elimination into two distinct chapters allow students to build upon their existing knowledge and move through their first mechanisms with greater clarity and with more opportunities to test and apply their understanding without getting overwhelmed by organic chemistry. New problem-solving strategy spreads have been added to both corresponding chapters for additional support.
2 NEW! Reaction Starbursts/Reaction Maps appear before the end of every ‘reaction-based’ chapter to help students better understand and mentally organize reactive similarities and distinctions.
3 NEW! Visual Guides to Organic Reactions place the reactions covered in each chapter within the overall context of the reactions covered in the course.
4 NEW! Problem Solving Strategies have been added and explicitly highlighted in several chapters, including new strategies for resonance, acid-base equilibria, and multistep synthesis.
5 NEW! Over 100 New Problems include more synthesis problems and problems based on recent literature.
6 NEW! Green Chemistry is emphasized with presentation of less toxic, environmentally friendly reagents in many situations, such as oxidation of alcohols with bleach rather than with chromium reagents.
7 NEW! Chapter Openers focus on organic applications, with introductions and images for a more enticing, contemporary presentation.
8 20 Key Mechanism Boxes highlight the fundamental mechanistic principles that recur throughout the course and are the basis for some of the longer, more complex mechanisms. Each describes the steps of the reaction in detail with a specific example to reinforce the mechanism and a concluding problem to help students absorb these essential reactions.
9 NEW! Explanations and Annotations to Mechanisms help students better understand how each mechanism works.
1 Structure and Bonding 1
2 Acids and Bases; Functional Groups 55
3 Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes 107
4 The Study of Chemical Reactions 155
5 Stereochemistry 201
6 Alkyl Halides; Nucleophilic Substitution 247
7 Structure and Synthesis of Alkenes; Elimination 296
8 Reactions of Alkenes 359
9 Alkynes 428
10 Structure and Synthesis of Alcohols 460
11 Reactions of Alcohols 505
12 Infrared Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry 556
13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 607
14 Ethers, Epoxides, and Thioethers 672
15 Conjugated Systems, Orbital Symmetry, and
Ultraviolet Spectroscopy 716
16 Aromatic Compounds 764
17 Reactions of Aromatic Compounds 809
18 Ketones and Aldehydes 876
19 Amines 941
20 Carboxylic Acids 1002
21 Carboxylic Acid Derivatives 1043
22 Condensations and Alpha Substitutions
of Carbonyl Compounds 1112
23 Carbohydrates and Nucleic Acids 1172
24 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins 1222
25 Lipids 1265
26 Synthetic Polymers 1286
Brief Answers to Selected Problems A1
Photo Credits PC1
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