Human Anatomy – 8th Edition by Elaine N. Marieb
The general philosophy behind this Eighth Edition of Human Anatomy remains the same as in the previous editions. As an instructor, you know that teaching anatomy is not just the presentation of facts. You must provide information in a framework that encourages genuine understanding, devise new presentations to help students remember large amounts of material, and help students apply what they have learned to new situations. All the while you hope that you inspire in the students a love of the subject.
After many years of teaching human anatomy, we became convinced that new approaches to the subject could excite and challenge the students’ natural curiosity. That is why we decided to write this book. We are fortunate to have collaborated with Pearson Education, a publisher that shares our goal: to set a new standard for pedagogical and visual effectiveness in an anatomy text.
This book is designed for one-semester or one-quarter introductory anatomy courses that serve students in pre-nursing, pre-medical, pre-physical therapy, radiological technology, physician assistant training, pre-dentistry, pharmacy, and other allied-health fields, as well as physical education, athletic training, and nutrition.
Unique Approach to Anatomy
Since its inception, we have worked diligently to distinguish Human Anatomy from the many other anatomy books currently available. This book explains anatomy thoroughly, and its discussions are not merely brief summaries of the art. We have striven to present the basic concepts of anatomy—gross, microscopic, developmental, and clinical—in a manner that is clearly written, effectively organized, up to date, and well illustrated. We realize that learning anatomy involves assimilating gargantuan amounts of material, and we have tried to make our presentation as logical and accessible as possible. To this end, we present anatomy as a “story” that can be explained and understood—convincing the students that the structure of the body makes sense.
Although descriptive gross anatomy is a relatively static science, knowledge is growing quickly in the subfields of functional anatomy, neuroanatomy, developmental anatomy, and the functional aspects of tissue and cellular anatomy. This text strives to keep up with the knowledge explosion in these subfields and to present anatomy in a way that allows modern biology students, whose training is becoming ever more molecular and cellular, to anchor their biochemical and medical training in the physical context of the human body.
We strongly emphasize the functional anatomy theme, giving careful consideration to the adaptive characteristics of the anatomical structures of the body. Wherever possible, we explain how the shape and composition of the anatomical structures allow them to perform their functions. Such functional anatomy is not physiology (which focuses on biological mechanisms), but is more akin to “design analysis.” This approach is unique for a text at this level.
We have worked to provide an especially effective treatment of microscopic anatomy. Many undergraduate texts treat histology as a specialized and minor subfield that takes a back seat to gross anatomy. This is unfortunate, because most physiological and disease processes take place at the cellular and tissue level, and most allied-health students require a solid background in histology and subcellular structure to prepare them for their physiology courses.
Our text is designed to present embryology in the most effective and logical way. We are convinced that the fundamentals should be presented early in the text, before the more advanced discussions of the developing organ systems in the relevant chapters. Therefore, we wrote Chapter 3 as a basic introduction to embryology. Because a comprehensive presentation of embryology early in the book could be intimidating to some students, we have used a “velvet glove approach,” providing only the most important concepts in a concise, understandable way, visually reinforced with exceptionally clear art.
Life Span Approach
Most chapters in this book close with a “Throughout Life” section that first summarizes the embryonic development of organs of the system and then examines how these organs change across one’s life span. Diseases particularly common during certain periods of life are pointed out, and effects of aging are considered. The implications of aging are particularly important to students in the health-related curricula because many of their patients will be older adults.
Helpful Presentation of Terminology
The complex terminology of anatomy is one of the most difficult aspects of the subject to make interesting and accessible. To this end, we highlight important terms in boldfaced type, and we provide the pronunciations of more terms than do many competing texts. Also, we include the Latin or Greek translations of almost every term at the point where the term is introduced in the text. This promotes learning by showing students that difficult terms have simple, logical derivations. The anatomical terms used in this text are consistent with the terms accepted by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). Clinical terminology is also presented in the Related Clinical Terms section found at the conclusion of most chapters. A helpful glossary, pronunciation guide, and list of word roots and suffixes are located at the end of the text.
1 The Human Body: An Orientation 37
2 Cells: The Living Units 58
3 Basic Embryology 82
4 Tissues 100
5 The Integumentary System 139
6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues 159
7 Bones, Part 1: The Axial Skeleton 186
8 Bones, Part 2: The Appendicular Skeleton 221
9 Joints 244
10 Skeletal Muscle Tissue 277
11 Muscles of the Body 298
12 Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue 385
13 The Central Nervous System 410
14 The Peripheral Nervous System 463
15 The Autonomic Nervous System and Visceral Sensory Neurons 503
16 The Special Senses 524
17 The Endocrine System 558
18 Blood 582
19 The Heart 598
20 Blood Vessels 624
21 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems 663
22 The Respiratory System 681
23 The Digestive System 711
24 The Urinary System 756
25 The Reproductive System 779
APPENDIX A The Metric System 821
APPENDIX B Answers to Check Your
Choice, and Matching
Photo and Illustration Credits 843
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