Engineering Vibration (4th Edition)
This book is intended for use in a first course in vibrations or structural dynamics for undergraduates in mechanical, civil, and aerospace engineering or engineering mechanics. The text contains the topics normally found in such courses in accredited engineering departments as set out initially by Den Hartog and refined by Thompson. In addition, topics on design, measurement, and computation are addressed.
Originally, a major difference between the pedagogy of this text and competing texts is the use of high level computing codes. Since then, the other authors of vibrations texts have started to embrace use of these codes. While the book is written so that the codes do not have to be used, I strongly encourage their use. These codes (Mathcad®, Matlab®, and Mathematica®) are very easy to use, at the level of a programmable calculator, and hence do not require any prerequisite courses or training. Of course, it is easier if the students have used one or the other of the codes before, but it is not necessary. In fact, the Matlab® codes can be copied directly and will run as listed. The use of these codes greatly enhances the student’s understanding of the fundamentals of vibration. Just as a picture is worth a thousand words, a numerical simulation or plot can enable a completely dynamic understanding of vibration phenomena. Computer calculations and simulations are presented at the end of each of the first four chapters. After that, many of the problems assume that codes are second nature in solving vibration problems.
Another unique feature of this text is the use of “windows,” which are distributed throughout the book and provide reminders of essential information pertinent to the text material at hand. The windows are placed in the text at points where such prior information is required. The windows are also used to summarize essential information. The book attempts to make strong connections to previous course work in a typical engineering curriculum. In particular, reference is made to calculus, differential equations, statics, dynamics, and strength of materials course work.
WHAT’S NEW IN THIS EDITION
Most of the changes made in this edition are the result of comments sent to me by students and faculty who have used the 3rd edition. These changes consist of improved clarity in explanations, the addition of some new examples that clarify concepts, and enhanced problem statements. In addition, some text material deemed outdated and not useful has been removed. The computer codes have also been updated. However, software companies update their codes much faster than the publishers can update their texts, so users should consult the web for updates in syntax, commands, etc. One consistent request from students has been not to reference data appearing previously in other examples or problems. This has been addressed by providing all of the relevant data in the problem statements. Three undergraduate engineering students (one in Engineering Mechanics, one in Biological Systems Engineering, and one in Mechanical Engineering) who had the prerequisite courses, but had not yet had courses in vibrations, read the manuscript for clarity. Their suggestions prompted us to make the following changes in order to improve readability from the student’s perspective: Improved clarity in explanations added in 47 different passages in the text. In addition, two new windows have been added. Twelve new examples that clarify concepts and enhanced problem statements have been added, and ten examples have been modified to improve clarity. Text material deemed outdated and not useful has been removed. Two sections have been dropped and two sections have been completely rewritten. All computer codes have been updated to agree with the latest syntax changes made in Matlab, Mathematica, and Mathcad. Fifty-four new problems have been added and 94 problems have been modified for clarity and numerical changes.
Eight new figures have been added and three previous figures have been modified. Four new equations have been added. Chapter 1: Changes include new examples, equations, and problems. New textual explanations have been added and/or modified to improve clarity based on student suggestions. Modifications have been made to problems to make the problem statement clear by not referring to data from previous problems or examples. All of the codes have been updated to current syntax, and older, obsolete commands have been replaced. Chapter 2: New examples and figures have been added, while previous examples and figures have been modified for clarity. New textual explanations have also been added and/or modified. New problems have been added and older problems modified to make the problem statement clear by not referring to data from previous problems or examples. All of the codes have been updated to current syntax, and older, obsolete commands have been replaced.
Chapter 3: New examples and equations have been added, as well as new problems. In particular, the explanation of impulse has been expanded. In addition, previous problems have been rewritten for clarity and precision. All examples and problems that referred to prior information in the text have been modified to present a more self-contained statement. All of the codes have been updated to current syntax, and older, obsolete commands have been replaced. Chapter 4: Along with the addition of an entirely new example, many of the examples have been changed and modified for clarity and to include improved information. A new window has been added to clarify matrix information. A figure has been removed and a new figure added. New problems have been added and older problems have been modified with the goal of making all problems and examples more self-contained. All of the codes have been updated to current syntax, and older, obsolete commands have been replaced. Several new plots intermixed in the codes have been redone to reflect issues with Mathematica and Matlab’s automated time step which proves to be inaccurate when using singularity functions. Several explanations have been modified according to students’ suggestions.
Chapter 5: Section 5.1 has been changed, the figure replaced, and the example changed for clarity. The problems are largely the same but many have been changed or modified with different details and to make the problems more self-contained. Section 5.8 (Active Vibration Suppression) and Section 5.9 (Practical Isolation Design) have been removed, along with the associated problems, to make room for added material in the earlier chapters without lengthening the book. According to user surveys, these sections are not usually covered. Chapter 6: Section 6.8 has been rewritten for clarity and a window has been added to summarize modal analysis of the forced response. New problems have been added and many older problems restated for clarity. Further details have been added to several examples. A number of small additions have been made to the to the text for clarity. Chapters 7 and 8: These chapters were not changed, except to make minor corrections and additions as suggested by users.
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